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Excretory System


Alcohol's caustic effects can also be found in the kidneys. Inflammation of the kidney is known as nephritis. The many organ system changes that occur because of alcohol take toll on the kidneys, which cannot function optimally. This failure leads to retention of body fluids. Symptoms include swelling of body tissues, such as feet, legs, hands, and face. Kidney failure is inevitable with end-stage liver disease.


Irritation from alcohol can cause cystitis (inflammation of the bladder) and prostatitis (inflammation of the prostate). People who suffer from cystitis may also have urinary tract infections.