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December 6, 2012

SAMHSA Prevention of Prescription Drug Abuse in the Workplace Listserv

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December 6, 2012 (PDF version)

Journal Articles

Alex S. Keuroghlian, Alan S. Barry, and Roger D. Weiss. 2012. "Circadian Dysregulation, Zolpidem Dependence, and Withdrawal Seizure in a Resident Physician Performing Shift Work." American Journal on Addictions 21(6):576-77.
This article presents a case study of a resident physician who became dependent on zolpidem. While trying to withdraw from the drug, he suffered a seizure.
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Sean Esteban McCabe, Brady T. West, and Carol J. Boyd. 2012. "Leftover Prescription Opioids and Nonmedical Use Among High School Seniors: A Multi-Cohort National Study." Journal of Adolescent Health. doi:10.1016/j.jadohealth.2012.08.007.
Findings indicate greater vigilance is needed to reduce nonmedical use of prescription opioids and long-term medication storage among adolescents.
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Shaunna Scott. 2012. "Transforming Places: Lessons From Appalachia (Review)." West Virginia
History: A Journal of Regional Studies 6(2)101-03. doi:10.1353/wvh.2012.0022.
One of the 17 essays in Transforming Places: Lessons From Appalachia compares community struggles with prescription drug abuse to the coal miner battle for Black Lung benefits in another era. Though the book is written by scholars and activists, the reviewer recommends it to academic and lay audiences.
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Erin L. Winstanley, Joe Gay, Lisa Roberts, Judi Moseley, Orman Hall, B. Christine Beeghly, Theresa Winhusen, and Eugene Somoza. 2012. "Prescription Drug Abuse as a Public Health Problem in Ohio: A Case Report." Public Health Nursing 29:553-62. doi:10.1111/j.1525-1446.2012.01043.x.
This case study describes how agencies throughout Ohio are collaborating to fight prescription drug abuse.
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News and Reports

Overdose Deaths--More Alarming News From Virginia
Bluefield Daily Telegraph
November 28, 2012
The rate of drug overdose deaths in Southwest Virginia is now nearly three times the state's average.
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Half of Buprenorphine-Related Emergency Department Visits for Nonmedical Use
Center for Substance Abuse Research
November 26, 2012
In 2010, more than half of 301,356 buprenorphine-related emergency department visits were for nonmedical use.
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Agencies Grapple With Underuse of Prescription Drug Database
November 26, 2012
Prescription drug overdoses killed about 1,000 North Carolina residents in 2011, but doctors and pharmacists have yet to rely on state databases that track patients' histories with addictive drugs such as Vicodin and OxyContin.
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Let's End the Prescription Drug Death Epidemic
November 28, 2012
The article's author, an alternative medicine physician, references a commentary written by Dr. Sanjay Gupta, CNN Medical Correspondent, and suggests 10 options that could provide pain relief.
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Viewpoint: Are Doctors to Blame for Prescription Drug Abuse?
November 26, 2012
Since 1990, deaths from unintentional drug overdoses in the United States have increased by more than 500 percent. Conscientious and well-trained doctors are partly to blame for the thousands of Americans who die every year from prescription pills.
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Guest Post: The Secret World of Healthcare Drug Addiction
November 29, 2012
What should you do if you suspect a fellow nurse or physician is using illicit drugs or abusing prescription medication? This blog discusses potential scenarios, warning signs, and the moral code that may compel health care workers to seek help.
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EHRs Can Thwart Prescription Drug Abuse, Says Study
November 30, 2012
State prescription drug monitoring programs should harness advances in health information technology to make data more accessible and incorporate it into the workflow of prescribers and dispensing pharmacists. These recommendations are part of a new report prepared for the Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology in partnership with the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.
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Related Report
Enhancing Access to Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs Using Health Information Technology: Work Group Recommendations
The Mitre Corporation
August 17, 2012
Of the more than 45 recommendations developed to enhance prescription drug monitoring programs (PDMPs), 7 were recognized as some of the most important suggestions for increasing PDMP effectiveness. The report contains information tailored to different audiences.
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Prescription Drug Abuse: The National Perspective
White House Office of National Drug Control Policy
November 14, 2012
Regina LaBelle, Chief of Staff in the Office of National Drug Control Policy, provides an overview of prescription drug abuse in the United States.
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Michael R. Frone. 2013. Alcohol and Illicit Drug Use in the Workforce and Workplace. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association.
Frone exposes the lack of evidence for common myths about employee substance use. His review covers 30 years of research and analyzes methodological limitations and the tendency to "go beyond the data" when interpreting results. The chapter on prevalence provides detailed workforce data on illegal drugs, illicit drug use, and illicit use of prescription drugs, particularly frequency of use, abuse, and dependence. The book is a comprehensive resource for researchers and practitioners in management, occupational health, and addiction treatment and prevention.
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Upcoming Webinar
Preventing the Misuse and Abuse of Prescription Stimulants Among Students
Series on Prescription Drug Abuse Prevention Among Teens and Young Adults
December 17, 2012
2:30-3:30 p.m. (EST)
Sponsored by the Children's Safety Network
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About PAW and the Listserv
The PAW TA Center addresses prescription drug abuse--a growing public health problem with increasing burdens on workers, workplaces, and our economy. Prescription drug abuse affects workplace productivity and increases employee absenteeism, employee presenteeism, and workers' compensation claims. On a wider scale, overdose deaths linked to prescription opioids tripled from 1999 to 2006, and prescription drug abuse killed more Americans in 2009 than died that year in auto crashes.
Send your request for PAW technical assistance to PAW-TA@pire.org or contact Rekaya Gibson at 504.261.8107 or Deborah Galvin at 240.276.2721. Requests are subject to SAMHSA approval. You will be notified of the status of your request.
We aim to conduct systematic and inclusive searches of professional journals, leading newspapers and magazines, and federal websites, as well as contributions from listserv subscribers (please e-mail suggestions to rgibson@pire.org). We will send links to articles along with brief descriptions of those articles. As we develop the listserv, however, we hope to add commentary and invite feedback from subscribers. Our goal is to expand the listserv to become a widely used and recognized source of the most current and authoritative information on prescription drug abuse--especially in workplaces.

The SAMHSA Prevention of Prescription Drug Abuse in the Workplace Listserv is a service provided by the SAMHSA Preventing Prescription Abuse in the Workplace Technical Assistance Center (PAW) to keep the field abreast of recent news and journal articles to assist in forming policy, research, and programs to reduce prescription drug misuse or abuse. Please note, the materials listed are not reflective of SAMHSA's or PAW's viewpoints or opinions and are not assessed for validity, reliability, or quality. The SAMHSA Prevention of Prescription Drug Abuse in the Workplace Listserv should not be considered an endorsement of the findings. Readers are cautioned not to act on the results of single studies, but rather to seek bodies of evidence. Copyright considerations prevent PAW from providing full-text journal articles. 
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