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November 23, 2012

SAMHSA Prevention of Prescription Drug Abuse in the Workplace Listserv

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November 23, 2012 (PDF version)
 
Journal Articles
 
Leo Beletsky, Josiah D. Rich, and Alexander Y. Walley. 2012. "Prevention of Fatal Overdose." Journal of the American Medical Association 308(18):1863-64. doi:10.1001/jama.2012.14205.
 
Researchers call for wider adoption of Good Samaritan laws and federal action to manage naloxone distribution for heroin and prescription painkiller overdoses.
 
Read more:  
http://jama.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1391926&link=xref
 
 
Related News Article
Lessons From Bon Jovi's Daughter's Overdose
Time
November 16, 2012
 
Stephanie Bongiovi's story makes the case for Good Samaritan laws and wider availability of naloxone, an overdose antidote.
           
Read more:  
http://healthland.time.com/2012/11/16/lessons-from-bon-jovis-daughters-overdose
 
 
Chia-Ming Chang, Erin Chia-Hsuan Wu, Chuan-Yu Chen, Kuan-Yi Wu, Hsin-Yi Liang, Yeuk-Lun Chau, Chi-Shin Wu, Keh-Ming Lin, and Hui-Ju Tsai. 2012. "Psychotropic Drugs and Risk of Motor Vehicle Accidents: A Population-Based Case-Control Study." British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 74(6):1365-2125. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2125.2012.04410.x.
  
This study says subjects taking antidepressants, benzodiazepines, and Z-drugs (nonbenzodiazapine insomnia drugs) should be warned about their increased risk of motor vehicle accidents.
 
Read more: 
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-2125.2012.04410.x/abstract
           
 
M. Cheng, B. Sauer, E. Johnson, C. Porucznik, and K. Hegmann. 2012. "Comparison of Opioid-Related Deaths by Work-Related Injury." American Journal of Industrial Medicine. doi:10.1002/ajim.22138.
  
A detailed history and screening for mental illness and substance abuse among injured workers may help avoid opioid-related deaths.
 
Read more: 
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ajim.22138/abstract;jsessionid=57CDA72341511D4692A7F9527BDB8F7F.d01t02?deniedAccessCustomisedMessage=&userIsAuthenticated=false
 
 
P. Gavaza, W. Yan, and J. Campbell. 2012. "Main Challenges Facing the Pharmaceutical Sector in Buchanan County, Virginia: A Pilot Study." Rural and Remote Health 12:2125.
  
Drug abuse, doctor shopping, and medication shortages are some of the challenges facing the pharmaceutical sector in Virginia's Buchanan County.
 
Read more: 
http://www.rrh.org.au/articles/printviewnew.asp?ArticleID=2125
 
 
W.A. Lanier, E.M. Johnson, R.T. Rolfs, M.D. Friedrichs, and T.C. Grey. 2012. "Risk Factors for Prescription Opioid-Related Death, Utah, 2008-09." Pain Medicine. doi:10.1111/j.1526-4637.2012.01518.x.
  
This study's researchers found that pain medication taken outside prescription bounds was a risk factor for death. Chronic pain was likely prevalent among those who had died.
 
Read more:
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1526-4637.2012.01518.x/abstractdeniedAccessCustomisedMessage=&userIsAuthenticated=false
 
 
I. Richer, K. Bertrand, J. Vandermeerschen, and É. Roy. 2012. "A Prospective Cohort Study of Non-Fatal Accidental Overdose Among Street Youth: The Link with Suicidal Ideation." Drug Alcohol Review. doi:10.1111/dar.12003.
  
The results of this study suggest that suicidal ideation independently increases the risk of accidental overdose. There is a dire need for interventions that extend beyond educational prevention.
 
Read more: 
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/dar.12003/abstract?deniedAccessCustomisedMessage=&userIsAuthenticated=false
 
  
News Articles & Reports

Experts: Your Home Could Soon Be Battleground in New Drug War
CBS Pittsburgh
November 12, 2012
 
Drug addicts might browse a friend's or family member's medicine cabinets for prescription pills. Senior citizens' homes and open houses are especially susceptible to theft. During an investigative report, a hidden camera showed homes where prescription medication was easily accessible.
  
Read more:
http://pittsburgh.cbslocal.com/2012/11/12/experts-your-home-could-soon-be-battleground-in-new-drug-war
  
  
Reports Show Spike in Substance-Abusing Nurses
WSBTV.com
November 15, 2012
 
The Georgia Board of Nursing's online report for disciplinary action shows 34 drug- and alcohol-related cases in 2011. Eighty-two cases have been submitted this year--52 of which involved prescription drugs and illegal activity.
  
Read more: 
http://www.wsbtv.com/news/news/local/reports-show-spike-substance-abusing-nurses/nS7b8
 
  
Gupta: Let's End the Prescription Drug Death Epidemic
CNN
November 14, 2012
  
This commentary from Dr. Sanjay Gupta highlights some chilling statistics. For example, one person dies about every 19 minutes from an accidental prescription drug overdose. Congressional testimony showed 80 percent of the world's pain pills are consumed in the United States, and alcohol and pain or sleeping pills can be a deadly combination.
  
Read more: 
http://www.cnn.com/2012/11/14/health/gupta-accidental-overdose/index.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+rss%2Fcnn_topstories+(RSS%3A+Top+Stories)
  
  
Fatal Drug Overdoses in Western Virginia Break Record
HamptonRoads.com
November 14, 2012
 
According to the state medical examiner's office, the death toll from drug overdoses in Western Virginia reached 270 in 2011--more than three times the annual toll in the late 1990s.
  
Read more: 
http://hamptonroads.com/2012/11/fatal-drug-overdoses-western-va-break-record
  
  
AMA Webinar Spells Out 8 Ways Physicians Can Curb Opioid Misuse
amednews.com
November 14, 2012
 
When Utah physicians followed guidelines endorsed by the American Academy of Pain Medicine, the state saw a 28 percent decline in opioid-related deaths.
  
Read more: 
http://www.ama-assn.org/amednews/2012/11/12/prsd1114.htm
 
  
Times Investigation: Legal Drugs, Deadly Outcomes
Los Angeles Times
November 11, 2012
  
More than 3,700 people in Los Angeles, Orange, Ventura, and San Diego Counties died from prescription drug-related causes over a 5-year period. An examination of coroners' reports found that valid prescription drugs were the sole or contributing cause of death in 47 percent of the cases. Seventy-one doctors throughout the four counties wrote prescriptions for drugs that caused or contributed to 298 deaths.
  
Read more: 
http://www.latimes.com/news/local/la-me-prescription-deaths-20121111-m,0,2338767,full.story
  
 
Related Article
Risk Factors in Prescription Deaths
Los Angeles Times
November 11, 2012
  
View the analysis of coroners' records and biographical details of 298 patients who died from prescription drug-related causes.
  
Read more: 
http://www.latimes.com/news/science/prescription/la-me-prescription-deaths-interactive-html,0,6379113.htmlstory
 
  
Prescription Drug Deaths: Two Stories
CNN
November 15, 2012
  
Emily Jackson died at age 18 after drinking alcohol and taking a prescription pain pill. Steve Rummler battled pain for years before becoming addicted to narcotics. After kicking his addiction, Rummler relapsed and died in 2011. Experts say a better dialogue is needed among doctors, patients, and pharmacies to prevent such tragedies.
  
Read more: 
http://www.cnn.com/2012/11/15/health/deadly-dose-jackson-rummler/index.html
 
  
Opiate Abuse Among Pregnant Women and the Effects on Their Babies
Treatment4Addiction.com
November 12, 2012
 
Over a 9-year period, opiate abuse increased significantly among pregnant women, from 1.19 to 5.63 cases for every 1,000 births. Screening measures should be established to recognize opiate abuse in expectant mothers and prevent neonatal abstinence syndrome.
  
Read more:  
http://www.treatment4addiction.com/blog/addiction/opiate-abuse-among-pregnant-women-and-the-effects-on-their-babies
 
 
Prescription Painkillers 'Like Loaded Guns' for Teens
Health Policy Solutions
November 14, 2012
 
This article provides statistics on the prescription drug abuse epidemic, explaining how prescribing has changed and why it's important for parents to talk about addiction risk with their kids.
  
Read more: 
http://www.healthpolicysolutions.org/2012/11/14/prescription-painkillers-like-loaded-guns-for-teens
 
  
National Survey of American Attitudes on Substance Abuse XVII: Teens
National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse, Columbia University
August 2012
 
Up to 50 percent of 12- to 17-year-old survey participants said they could easily get alcohol, cigarettes, and prescription drugs.
  
Read more: 
http://www.casacolumbia.org/upload/2012/20120822teensurvey.pdf
 
 
Dental Pain and Narcotic Abuse
PrescriptionDrugAbuseHelp.com
2012
 
Although dentists often prescribe narcotics like Vicodin or Percocet to relieve a patient's pain, many patients abuse the prescriptions. Part of the problem is overprescribing. This fact sheet is a helpful resource for safe and appropriate treatment of dental pain.
  
Read more: 
http://www.prescriptiondrugabusehelp.com/dental-pain-and-narcotic-abuse
 
 
Please e-mail Rekaya Gibson at rgibson@pire.org with questions or comments about the SAMHSA Prescription Drug Abuse Listserv.
 
 
 
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About PAW and the Listserv
The PAW TA Center addresses prescription drug abuse--a growing public health problem with increasing burdens on workers, workplaces, and our economy. Prescription drug abuse affects workplace productivity and increases employee absenteeism, employee presenteeism, and workers' compensation claims. On a wider scale, overdose deaths linked to prescription opioids tripled from 1999 to 2006, and prescription drug abuse killed more Americans in 2009 than died that year in auto crashes.
 
Send your request for PAW technical assistance to PAW-TA@pire.org or contact Rekaya Gibson at 504.261.8107 or Deborah Galvin at 240.276.2721. Requests are subject to SAMHSA approval. You will be notified of the status of your request.
 
We aim to conduct systematic and inclusive searches of professional journals, leading newspapers and magazines, and federal websites, as well as contributions from listserv subscribers (please e-mail suggestions to rgibson@pire.org). We will send links to articles along with brief descriptions of those articles. As we develop the listserv, however, we hope to add commentary and invite feedback from subscribers. Our goal is to expand the listserv to become a widely used and recognized source of the most current and authoritative information on prescription drug abuse--especially in workplaces.

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